Choosing the right marijuana seeds can make or break your crop. Learn how to recognize quality seeds and from where to buy them! What do weed seeds look like? Is there a difference between female and male seeds in appearance and how to see if a seed is healthy? Check it out! How do cannabis seeds work? Learn how to store your seeds, how long you can store them for, how to germinate them and their internal biology.
Recognize quality marijuana seeds
Marijuana is best known for its effects on people when they smoke it. So, where does this high effect come from?
How do you ensure that the quality of your marijuana is as good as it could be? It all starts by choosing the right seeds. The right seeds are mature cannabis seeds.
Understand how to recognize quality marijuana seeds before you can grow the best marijuana. High-quality cannabis starts with good genetics.
Begin your grow with healthy, mature cannabis seeds from a reputable seed bank.
When you have a particularly good strain or good season of marijuana growth, you will most likely want to store seeds for that particular type of cannabis, its “parent plant,” so you can experience the same sort of success later on.
In this article, we will cover the basics of selecting the right seeds.
About quality marijuana seeds
How to grow the best weed
To grow the best weed, you need to know what determines the best seeds, why genetics make certain weed plants better than others, and how to choose the best seeds.
THC, a term that usually refers to Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, is the ingredient in marijuana that is the primary contributor to the high feeling smokers experience.
This is a bit misleading for two reasons.
First, some types of THC are not Delta-9, such as Delta-8. Second, THC is not the only chemical that is responsible for a high.
Other compounds contribute to the feeling – these chemicals are called cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids include every different variation of THC, and they make up the psychoactive ingredients that lead to the feeling of being high.
The tricky thing about marijuana is that no one can really define the right combination to achieve the best or greatest high.
Even scientists are unable to figure out what combination of cannabinoids makes the most potent combination.
This is partly because the feeling of “high” experienced from marijuana cannot be measured externally – it can only be described by the person experiencing it.
This makes any evidence about correlations between different combinations of chemicals and types or strength of highs very subjective.
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The experience is also different for each person, even if they take the same amount of the same plant as someone else.
Any mix of emotions (usually euphoria, elation, paranoia, sleepiness, or clarity of thought) can be felt by different people, even if they consume the same amount and type of weed.
The best weed comes from the best genes
While there is still a large amount of variation from seed to seed, even within the same strain, a lot depends on the environment in which it is grown and the care you have when raising your plants.
Growing your own weed is an extremely gratifying experience. It will take a bit of trial and error, and you will have to overcome some inevitable failures, but it will be even more rewarding when you finally succeed.
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The source always matters
You can source your seeds from:
- A bag of weed
- A seasoned grower
- A seedbank
The first step for most new growers is to extract seeds from large commercially purchased bags of cannabis.
This is likely the easiest way to get seeds but take caution— that cannabis has already been heavily processed and packaged.
Huge quantities of bud are dried and cured together en masse and then snipped and stuffed into big vacuum-sealed bags.
Unless you are already directly familiar with the mature plants your seeds or clones came from, growing marijuana is unavoidably unpredictable.
This is why it is especially important to seed or clone your best quality plant since that will make you able to guarantee the quality of the next crop.
Knowledge of the source is also why experienced growers have better outcomes with their harvest.
They often choose their best cannabis plants out of a single strain, and use those seeds for the following season’s harvest. Now, they have a better understanding of the plant their seeds came from and can also improve their care of the same type of plant.
Aren’t seeds a bad thing?
All cannabis cultivation comes down to your goals as a grower. Want a bountiful harvest? You’ll want to grow the best weed by breeding perfection using seeds. Skip ahead to learn why.
“Nope, I want to smoke,” then you need to grow plants that produce fewer seeds. You need feminized seeds.
“Sinsemilla” is a Spanish word that translates to “without seed.”
It describes female cannabis plants that grow into maturity without fertilization from male pollen. Growing sinsemilla marijuana outside is almost impossible since your female plants could be pollinated from the male plants up to a mile away!
So why do you want to avoid pollinating your female marijuana plants? Pollination means that the plants will use their precious energy to create seeds instead of flowers.
This is due to natural selection. Since a plant that produces more seeds is more likely to reproduce, a female marijuana plant will prioritize making seeds if fertilized.
Although this is an advantageous feature for marijuana’s survival, it is not exactly what smokers look for in a weed plant.
Sinsemilla marijuana, having never been pollinated, usually produces a more resinous bud since there are no seeds to take over the valuable flowering area.
Producing seeds isn’t all bad for the smoker, however. If one crop is particularly delicious or potent, it is vital to let those plants produce some seeds.
Store these seeds correctly and label them accurately to make informed decisions about which seeds produced the best crop and which ones are better to avoid.
You can then use seeds that produce tall plants or strong, sweet buds for a future growing season.
When you find a plant that you want to preserve seeds for, make sure to treat those seeds with extra special care, as they are your best bet for harvesting the best product.
Why you should grow weed from seeds
Some people are intimidated by growing marijuana from seeds. At first, the results may not be as big as you had planned for – this is normal, and you will continue to get better with time and experience.
To reach the highest possible yield of cannabis, you must study and practice, especially if you haven’t done anything so much as growing potted house plants or flowers on your window sill.
Just keep at it, and within a few growing seasons, you will be an expert.
Although research and preparation make a big difference, they can only go so far without actual hands-on experience.
As you learn and develop your skills, trying clones may be tempting rather than learning by trial and error with seeds. Careful, though.
Different strains and plants will grow, mature, and flower at different rates. Growing one Sativa might be completely different than growing a different strain of Sativa.
Plus, you never know what you may end up growing. When growing from clones from another grower, your clone might inherit any issues they had while growing it.
Buying marijuana seeds from a seed bank
Buying seeds from a seed bank gives you a better idea of what to expect in terms of the quality, yields, look, and time it will take to bloom.
Plus, you’re starting fresh with new seeds, which lowers the risk of diseases or pests in your plants. Learn more about why growing from seeds produces the best weed.
When you grow from seeds you have certainty. Whenever you see your stash of weed in the freezer, you will feel proud.
Whenever you smoke your marijuana, you can feel safe and satisfied because you know exactly what you are putting into your body and where it came from.
Where to find the best quality seeds
Quality marijuana seeds mean quality genes. Better genes better your chances of growing a healthy harvest.
Online seed banks offer a wide selection of quality marijuana seeds, and reputable seed banks make it easier to purchase good seeds.
Your seeds should come from seedbanks because the ones that sneak into dried marijuana flowers are rarely usable – mostly because they never reach full maturity before being harvested.
What Do Weed Seeds Look Like?
It’s important to know what to expect and what to look out for before you buy cannabis seeds. In addition to important factors such as sufficient water, nutrients and light quality, a successful crop starts with high quality healthy cannabis seeds. But how do you determine whether a cannabis seed is healthy, viable and of high quality?
The quality of a seed can be partially assessed by looking at the appearance. However, you have to know what a healthy cannabis seed looks like and that can be difficult. Even for the experienced grower. In this blog we therefore answer various questions such as: what do weed seeds look like and how can you see if a cannabis seed is healthy and viable?
What do female weed seeds look like?
Some people believe you can see the gender of the strain based on the appearance of the seeds. Well, we can tell you that ain’t possible. Both female and male seeds look exactly the same.
Curious how healthy cannabis seeds look? Continue reading!
What do healthy cannabis seeds look like?
Healthy cannabis seeds are sufficiently matured and therefore have a different appearance than unripened cannabis seeds. For example, viable cannabis seeds meet a number of criteria. Think of the size and shape, hardness of the outside and color.
Color of the cannabis seed
Fertile cannabis seeds are black, dark brown, red-brown or gray with a shiny glow as if there is a bit of wax on the peel. Cannabis seeds with a different color such as white, yellow or light green will probably also germinate, but indicate lesser quality. Such seeds have been harvested too early and haven’t had enough time to ripen.
Although it isn’t always visible with the blind eye, on a quality cannabis seed you can see a pattern of “tiger stripes” or dark spots.
Shape and size of a cannabis seed
Cannabis seeds have a unique shape. They are oval, have the shape of a drop and are small in size. On average, a cannabis seed is about 2 to 5 mm long and 2 to 3 mm thick. If you want to know what you can expect in advance, then we can advise you to take a look at the seeds of a tomato.
Hardness of the peel
A well ripened cannabis seed had sufficient time for hardening its shell. Healthy cannabis seeds are therefore provided with a hard smooth skin without cracks. You can test the hardness of the shell by taking the seed between your fingers and applying gentle pressure. Immature seeds will easily crack or crumble while qualitative cannabis seeds won’t damage.
Note: the moisture from your fingers can damage the seed. Please use linen gloves to prevent this.
To test the viability of a seed you can place the seed in a glass with distilled water. Seeds that sink within 2 hours have sufficient mass. These seeds generally have a better chance of sprouting than seeds that still float.
Note: this test isn’t 100% accurate and only provides an indication of the viability. In addition, the water will activate the germination process. Therefore, only carry out this test if you want to germinate the seed immediately. After performing the float test, you can’t longer store the seed.
Buy healthy cannabis at Weedseedsexpress
You can buy high quality healthy cannabis seeds with a high viability through a professional seed bank. Whether you buy cannabis seeds via Weedseedsexpress or another seed company, do your research. Like other respected seed banks, we have a reputation that we are frugal on. That is why you only find high quality marijuana seeds at Weedseedsexpress.
How do Cannabis Seeds Work
How do cannabis seeds work? You might not think that this is important, but knowing how seeds work can give you important insight on how to store them and what the germination profess involved. Cannabis seeds are technically small, oval-shaped dried fruit, around 3-4mm long and 1.5-2mm wide. They’re covered in a very subtle membrane, and underneath that layer there’s a much harder layer which is the largest system of the embryo, covering it and protecting it.
On the inside of the seeds you can find a substance called albumen, which is a nutritional reserve that keeps the embryo healthy until germination; it’s also the seeds initial source of energy once it begins germinating.
Now, for the center of the seed, home to the precious embryo from which your new plant will grow from. It contains the plant’s genetic code alongside four other parts; the radicle, the hypocotyl, cotyledons and gemmules. The radicle is the embryonic root; this is the part of the seed where roots come from. The hypocotyl is known as the embryonic stage, and the cotyledons are in charge of those first few leaves that you can see once the seed germinates.
Cannabis seeds, just like many other plant seeds, grow in pollinated flowers on female plants; seeds only contain the plant’s genetic code, so they don’t have any of the active principals in the plant, meaning that if you were to smoke it you wouldn’t get any sort of psychoactive or medicinal effect. They can be eaten however, as they provide an enormous amount of beneficial proteins, including Omega 3, 6 and 9. The aroma that comes from the seeds when burning isn’t pleasant at all, and if you’ve ever been smoking a joint that had a random seed in it then you know exactly what I’m talking about; they taste like some sort of burnt barbecue that ruins the taste of even the best, strongest tasting weed out there.
Germinating seeds correctly depends on different factors; the main one being how mature the seed is. Seeds that look too white, green or the skin seems to be coming off or not there at all tend to be too young still, although there are seeds of this stature that will germinate perfectly, depending on the strain. Strains like Somango, or hybrids that come from it, and Haze seeds are some of the whitest seeds you can find on the market; sativa seeds tend to be much smaller than indica seeds, like Thai seeds are generally much smaller than afghan seeds. In this case, size doesn’t matter at all; if a seed is smaller than others that doesn’t mean that it’s going to have issues germinating or that it will grow smaller plants. Smaller seeds generally have less protection, but they’re much easier to germinate. Seeds can take between 3-18 days to germinate depending on the conditions such as temperature, humidity, substrate composition etc. The longer the seeds take to germinate, the less likely that they are going to germinate. Sometimes if after a while it still hasn’t germinated, you can gently squeeze the seed to break the outer shell and if done right, you can help the root to leave the shell; if done wrong, you’ll end up completely squishing the seed and any chances of germination that it had.
During the time the seed is maturing various factors need to occur for the seed to be able to germinate in the best conditions. Seeds have a germination period of three years, which is the average time estimated that seeds can be kept in good conditions; it’s not the same to keep your seed in a fresh, dry area than in a hot and humid one. Humid areas will damage seeds, stimulating their metabolism with the humidity without stimulating germination which could even kill the seed off entirely. Water absorption is due to the water potential difference between the seed and its surroundings. Water reaches the embryo through all of the layers of the seed, which then activates the development of the radicle; once this process begins, seeds need more oxygen than water, so giving your seeds too much water might in fact “drown” them. This is why we highly recommend not germinating your seeds in glasses of water, as the oxygen-water ratio is nowhere near optimal for germination.
By lowering oxygen levels as well as temperature storage levels you can increase the life-span of your seed for up to 20 years. Another storage technique is to dehydrate the seeds around 2-5%; no more is recommended as it might affect the internal constitution of the seed. Temperature is extremely important as it regulates the activity of the enzymes during germination; during storage, temperature regulates the embryos metabolism.
Oxygen is found in nature in a concentration of about 21%; seeds tend to germinate in conditions with around 20-21% oxygen, and hardly any seeds can germinate with a lower concentration than that; the only plants that can really do that are marine plants and algae, which need 8% oxygen.
Now that you know how cannabis seeds work, you can store your babies for up to 20 years if you want to, and give them the perfect conditions in which to open up their shells and let the radicle take over growing the roots. Happy growing!