Ready to start your grow, but not sure what kind of cannabis seed to get? Read our in-depth guide to the different types of cannabis seeds. Growing marijuana in your own living space is often described as therapeutic. But in order to be successful, you need to know the difference between seeds & which is right for you. Learn more now! There are 3 types of Cannabis seeds: regular, feminized and autoflowering cannabis seeds. Feminized seeds are genetically altered to produce female plants.
The Different Kinds of Cannabis Seeds
Many cannabis users appreciate that it is a natural product made from a plant, though not everyone realizes they can grow marijauna from the comfort of their very own home or garden. You can grow plants from a “clone” or seedling, but if you really want to go DIY then the best place to start is growing from cannabis seeds . If it is legal to grow marijauna in your state, you can buy seeds at your local dispensary, or even purchase them from online seed banks .
Marijuana is an annual plant, meaning it germinates, grows, blooms, flowers, and dies (R.I.P.) within one calendar year (save for autoflowering plants, but more on that later). Marijuana is a dioecious species, meaning there are both “female” and “male” cannabis plants.
Only female plants bear buds, whereas male plants are used for pollination and species development. Within the umbrella of cannabis plants, there are three types: the widely known Indica and Sativa, and the lesser known but equally worthy Ruderalis.
To go a little deeper, there are then three types of cannabis seeds : Regular, Autoflowering, and Feminized. If your interest is piqued and you’d like to learn more about what kind of seed is right for your needs, then read on for the salient details.
What are the different types of cannabis seeds?
When you’re looking to purchase cannabis seeds , it can be overwhelming to choose a strain or even know where to start. Before you decide what strain to buy, you first have to decide whether you will get regular seeds, feminized seeds , or autoflower seeds . Let’s learn about what makes each type of seed unique.
We already know that cannabis plants are either female (ovule bearing) or male (pollen producing). When you purchase the regular variety of cannabis seeds , you’re quite literally getting a mixed bag. Though regular seeds are the most inexpensive option, there is always a 50% chance that the seed will be male.
This is because regular seeds are the closest variety to the unaltered cannabis plant found in nature. Since most people are growing marijuana to yield buds (found on female plants), male plants are only desirable if you are interested in collecting pollen, want to experiment with selective breeding, or want to create new strains.
Regular cannabis seeds are also “photoperiod” seeds, meaning that light cycles need to be manipulated to push the plant through the various stages of growth – from vegetation to flowering.
Feminized seeds are pretty much exactly what they sound like: seeds that are almost 100% guaranteed to produce female marijauna plants. Feminized seeds are collected from a female plant that has been engineered to produce pollen, through “stressful” conditions such as intense heat or light, underwatering, or lack of access to male plants.
Growers can take advantage of this naturally occurring phenomenon in order to create a seed that will grow into a plant that self-pollinates. These self-pollinating plants are basically guaranteed to produce only female seeds, which are then sold as feminized seeds . These seeds tend to be a little costlier, though if you want a straightforward route they are an excellent choice, especially for first-time or novice growers.
These special seeds hail from areas of Europe that experience long winters (like Russia), and produce what is known as the ruderalis strain of cannabis. Since these regions have very short springs and summers, the plants adapted to survive in the harsh environment and are not dependent on light requirements to germinate and flower. This ability to germinate and flower sans light cycle is what earned them the moniker autoflower seeds .
Why should you choose one type of seed over the other?
Now that you are familiar with the three types of cannabis seeds , you may be wondering which one is best for you.
If you are looking to try out growing for the first time and aren’t sure if you’re ready to commit to the long haul, then opt for regular seeds. They come in a variety of strains (sativa dominant, indica dominant, or hybrid), are the least expensive, and are easy to find– so if you make any rookie mistakes you can easily start over.
Since they produce both male and female plants, they are also an excellent choice for more advanced growers who are interested in selective breeding and other experiments. It takes 3-4 weeks to determine the gender of your seedlings, so if you are in a rush to produce then regular is not for you.
If the thought of having to sort through your seedlings to determine which are male and which are female is daunting, then a better choice for you is definitely feminized seeds . These seeds are a little more pricey and less widely available, but they take the guess-work out of determining the gender of your plants. If you want to get straight to the point and don’t mind paying a little extra, then this is the choice for you.
Both regular and feminized seeds are photoperiod strains of cannabis, meaning they flower when their exposure to light diminishes. This happens in late summer, or is artificially triggered with the use of grow lights. If artificially triggering flowering in your plants seems daunting to you, then autoflower seeds are an excellent choice, as they flower automatically after 3-4 weeks. This makes them a very popular choice for first time growers with indoor set-ups.
All three types of cannabis seeds come in many varieties, from indica-dominant, to sativa-dominant, to hybrid. If you are interested in the therapeutic benefits of CBD and don’t want to experience any of the mind-altering effects of THC, then you may find yourself looking for CBD seeds . You can find CBD-focused strains in both autoflower and photoperiod plants, but there is no CBD seeds category per say, unless you look for hemp seeds.
Differences in growing
Like any living thing, cannabis plants need tending to. Some types of seeds require more attention and experience than others, and will thrive best in certain conditions. With any choice, if you chose to grow indoors (link to “Growing Marijuana Indoors vs. Outdoors” article) then be prepared for overhead costs.
Since you are creating and maintaining the growing environment, you’ll need to purchase equipment to regulate everything from light, water, temperature, and humidity, and even CO2 levels, pH balance of the soil, and the ever-important ventilation. Growing outdoors has a much lower cost, but means that your crop is at the mercy of the elements and you run the risk of animal/insect interference or even theft.
If planted outside, regular seeds will adapt to the annual harvest cycle of the hemisphere you live in. If grown indoors, they can be planted at any time of year as you will be controlling the environment, and you can expect flowering between 45-90 days, depending on the strain and on your manipulation of the grow lights.
You have to be extremely diligent about removing male plants from your grow area, as the pollination from even one male plant can pollinate your entire collection of female plants, causing them all to go to seed rather than produce the desired bud.
Feminized seeds have similar needs to regular marijuana seeds, though you don’t have to worry about seperating male plants from female plants because these seeds will only grow female plants. Many of the most popular weed strains come from feminized seeds , such as Girl Scout Cookie , Haze , and Skunk . Like regular seeds, these seeds will produce large yields that thrive both indoors and outdoors. With both regular and feminized seeds there is a wide variety of strains and hybrids to choose from.
Autoflower seeds are quite unique and produce smaller plants that flower quickly, with a total life cycle of 2-3 months (unlike the annual cycle of regular and feminized seeds ). Since the germination of these seeds happens automatically in 3-4 weeks, they require a little less equipment than photoperiod strains, whose flowering needs to be triggered by lights.
The quick grow time of autoflower plants results in a short stature that is a bonus if you live in an area that has height limits for cannabis plants.
What’s the best kind of cannabis seed?
Still wondering which of the three types of cannabis seeds is best for you? Well, it totally depends on what your needs, budget, and goals are, as well as whether you want to grow indoors or outdoors. If you are just starting out, go with regular seeds and see how the process goes. If sorting the plants by gender is too much commitment for you, invest in feminized seeds . If you want plants that will flower automatically, then autoflower seeds are the choice for you.
It all depends on how much disposable time and money you have available, and on what is most valuable to you. Don’t feel shy about choosing more expensive seeds if it’ll make the process smoother for you. If you have a green thumb then experiment with regular seeds and create your perfect plant. Happy gardening!
The 3 Types of Cannabis Seeds You Need to Know
Growing marijuana in your own living space is often described as therapeutic. As owners are responsible for its growth, watering and monitoring plants can be relaxing. Once a successful yield is produced, recreational use of cannabis has many health benefits. ( make sure that you choose the right Boo Glass bong to go with it! *wink*)
If you plan to grow your own plants, proper research is required. Before determining your seed’s growth environment and medium, choosing it’s seed comes first. For growers, there are three different cannabis seed types available: Regular, Feminimized, and Auto-flower. But what are they, and is one more advantageous than the other? Below we’ll briefly discuss each one, so you’ll know which seeds are best for you.
Production of regular seeds occurs between a male and a female. As a result, you won’t know your plant’s gender until flowering begins. If your objective is to yield quality buds that offer cannabinoids, you’ll need to seperate the males from the females.
Segregation of genders prevents pollination (impressively spreading from 3 to 3.75 miles) and the production of seeds. Male plants are typically discarded due to being incapable of producing flowers that produce cannabinoids. Due to a lack of cannabinoids, the end product generally isn’t not worth-while to consumers.
Male plants, however, do possess other various benefits. For one, male plants produce a soft material that is useful for the production of hemp. Hemp products such as clothing, shoes, and general household products require soft and durable fiber which males provide. Male plants can also produce aromatic oils, highly beneficial in the garden for pest control.
- 100% pure as they’re not genetically altered
- Produce both genders, allowing for the creation of new seeds
- No chemical agents in regular seeds unlike feminized seeds
- Seeds can be used for other purposes such as hemp production
How to Determine Your Cannabis’s Plants Sex
Identifying a plant’s gender generally comes at around the 4-6 week mark into the growth cycle. As the plant transitions into a flower from its vegetative stage, energy is primarily used for pollination and reproduction.
When looking for sex indicators, cultivators can check between the plant’s nodes. Plant nodes are located on the stem, where the buds are. Check nodes to find the growth of small sacs or two bracts. Pollen sacs are developed on a male plant, spreading seeds and stigma for females.
Bracts are a female plant’s reproductive parts, appearing as green tear-shaped leaves.
Feminized Cannabis Seeds
As mentioned prior, for growers looking for highly concentrated forms of cannabis, female plants are ideal. Unfertilized females, instead of reproducing, will utilize their energy to produce rich cannabinoids known as Sensimilla. These resinous buds are highly concentrated forms of cannabis, typically seen in stores. Online stores today generally cater to cannabis users nationwide, such as cannabis seeds at Zamnesia .
For practical purposes that simplify things for the grower, feminized seeds are also superior. As growing and removing male plants is a non-issue, growers won’t need to grow twice as many. Not only does this save time and costs, but you’ll also be able to maximize your growing space. However, if you intend to grow new seeds, feminized seeds prevent the production of male plants.
- Female Plants produce Sensimilla, responsible for consumer-friendly weed products.
- Make the most of your growing space by germinating seeds required.
- Saves time and work on removing male plants
- No sexing is necessary, which can be challenging for first-timers
For first-timers peering through the curtain into growing cannabis, auto-flower seeds is a good choice. Once plants reach a particular stage ( usually ten weeks in ), they will begin to flower. An auto-flower seed’s growth requires only a minimal amount of sunlight to finish its life cycle. For growers, this saves time and simplifies the process. Instead of allocating several hours of daylight and darkness to their plant, they can relax and let the plant develop independently.
This seed type is a mix of modern-day strains with Cannabis Ruderalis, a species from Russia. Cannabis Ruderalis is among two other subtypes of cannabis, with the others being Indica and Sativa. As this cannabis plant is located in areas with shorter summers, ruderalis plants bloom faster with less sunlight.
This seed type is recommended to new growers, due to lower-maintenance needs and a faster growth time. Autoflowering is also renowned for its resiliency, boasting sturdy and robust genetics. So while growing in your backyard, they’ll be able to handle insect infestations and mold.
- Requires minimal daylight, easing plant scheduling for owners
- Grows at a faster pace
- A durable plant that can fend itself against typical issues seen in gardens
This gives you the basics in knowing about the 3 different types of cannabis seeds that you might choose from.
Types of cannabis seeds
We would like to explain the difference between the different type of cannabis or marijuana seeds.
What do you have to pay attention to when buying cannabis seeds?
If you want to grow cannabis or weed seeds it’s very important that you cultivate female plants. The male plant only produces pollen and when pollinizes other plants they produce ultimately seed, so these aren’t any good. A female plant produces the flower, your buds. So if you want to grow for personal use, you only need to grow female cannabis plants.
There are numerous cannabis or marijuana seeds on the market. Briefly summarised you can divide these into three groups:
1) Regular cannabis seeds
The regular cannabis seeds are totally natural marijuana seeds that have not been chemically altered. The plants from regular cannabis seeds can both be male and female. If you have ordered 10 regular cannabis seeds for instance, you can’t know if the plants will become male or female, most probably male/famale would be 5/5. When they are cultivated in good circumstances, you are more likely to grow female plants.
2) Feminized cannabis seeds
Feminized cannabis seeds are genetically altered so that they produce female plants in at least 97% of the cases. This forms a great advantage as only female cannabis plants produce flowers. The male cannabis plants don’t produce flowers, contain little THC and can even influence the production of THC of female plants. The female cannabis plant produces considerably more working substances or cannabinoids such as THC, CBD, CBG and CBN than a male cannabis plant. Before bringing the seeds on the market, they are first thoroughly tested and further cultivated so that we are sure that our plants are genetically stable and consistent.