When it comes to hemp oil vs. CBD oil it's nutrition vs. helping various conditions such as chronic, pain, anxiety and… What's really in that CBD oil you're taking every day? We discuss all you need to know about CBD nutrition, ingredients, and more.
Nutrition vs. condition management: Hemp oil and CBD oil offer different benefits
When it comes to hemp oil and CBD oil it’s nutrition vs. helping various conditions
Since both hemp and cannabidiol (CBD) come from the cannabis plant, the two terms are often used interchangeably. Yet, they aren’t the same. One is more nutrition-based while the other may offer more benefits in condition management. When looking at hemp oil and CBD oil, understanding when each one might be best requires first recognizing how they differ.
Differences between hemp oil and CBD oil
Perhaps the most notable difference is that hemp and CBD come from different species of the Cannabis sativa plant. Additionally, each type of product is created by using different parts of their respective plant. Namely, hemp oil comes from the plant’s seeds while CBD oil is derived from the stalk, flowers, and leaves.
The reason this is important is that each part provides different nutrients and compounds. The seeds, for instance, are high in fatty acids. A 2015 study in Food Chemistry looked at one type of oil made from hemp seeds and found that it contained both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, at roughly a 3:1 ratio. This hemp seed oil was also a good source of other polyunsaturated fatty acids, with γ-linolenic and stearidonic acid topping the list.
The compounds contained within a CBD product differ based on whether it is an isolate or a full or broad-spectrum CBD. A CBD isolate contains only one cannabis plant compound, which is CBD. Both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oils contain other compounds as well, such as other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
A full-spectrum CBD contains one additional compound: tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. THC is the cannabis plant compound that is known for providing a psychoactive response. While hemp products can contain THC, the levels are very low. Conversely, over-the-counter CBD products can legally contain as much as 0.3% THC according to federal regulations.
Hemp oil benefits
Based on their makeup, hemp oil products are generally more nutritional. Research published in the journal Nutrients in June 2020 explains that hemp seeds are:
- 25- 35% fat, of which 90% is unsaturated, with 70-80% of these fatty acids being polyunsaturated fatty acids
- 20-25% protein, more so in the seed’s inner layers versus existing in the hull
- 20-30% carbs, with dietary fiber providing a majority of the carbohydrates, primarily insoluble fiber
The research’s authors go on to say that these seeds also contain a variety of antioxidants, carotenoids, tocopherols, and other healthful ingredients. The combination of the macronutrients and all of the additional compounds make hemp oil products more beneficial for nutritional purposes.
That’s not to say that the taking of hemp oil cannot help with certain medical conditions. Many animal-based studies have found that hemp can provide relief from pain, for instance. A 2021 study adds that hemp peptides may also offer anti-cancer properties, specifically, with regard to cancer in the liver.
As research continues, we will learn more about the extent of the benefits offered by hemp oil products. In the interim, much of their value appears to come from the nutrition they provide.
CBD oil benefits
The compounds in CBD oil products are less about nutrition and more about the benefits they might offer to mental and physical health conditions. Instead of being rich in fat, protein, and carbs, these products appear to offer patients benefits associated with the various cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes they contain.
A 2019 review shares that phytocannabinoids offer neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory benefits. Several studies have also credited CBD with containing anxiolytic and antidepressant properties. Among the conditions that CBD oil might potentially help manage or treat include neurogenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis, depression, anxiety, cancer, and epilepsy.
Many also use CBD oil in an effort to relieve pain. Some studies indicate that pain relief appears to be more promising in CBD products that also contain THC. For example, a 2014 study involved 303 patients with peripheral neuropathic pain. When compared to a placebo group, subjects receiving a THC/CBD oromucosal spray had improved levels of pain. They had improved sleep quality as well.
Guiding patients on hemp and CBD product use
Educating patients about the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil enables them to better decide which one to take based on their desired goals and health benefits. If their intent is more nutritional, hemp oil is likely the product they want. Conversely, if they’re more interested in managing or treating a health condition, a CBD product might be more appropriate.
CBD Oil Nutrition Facts: What’s ACTUALLY in That Product You’re Using?
CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of the hottest dietary supplements right now. People use it every day as a way to support a healthy lifestyle. Since it’s a dietary supplement, it’s all too easy to assume that it’s good for you. However, what are the real effects of CBD oil on your body?
The way it impacts you isn’t just to do with the CBD, but also the nutritional content of the product you consume.
This, of course, can change depending on the individual product. Tinctures, edibles, vapes, etc., will all affect you very differently. For example, edible gummies will obviously have a higher sugar content than a straight CBD tincture.
This guide will explain the nutritional information for most CBD tinctures.
What’s in CBD Oil?
Every brand tries to offer something slightly different. However, many CBD oil tinctures have the same basic ingredients. You need to investigate a brand by reading the product descriptions and lab reports to find out exactly what it contains.
The main ingredient in any CBD tincture is, of course, CBD. Most often, this comes from the hemp plant. Manufacturers take raw hemp and remove the cannabinoids, including CBD, using an extraction method such as CO2 extraction.
Depending on the brand, the oil may be full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate. If it’s an isolate, it contains CBD and nothing else. At the other end of the ‘spectrum’ is full-spectrum oil, which includes all of the cannabinoids from the plant – including THC. However, it must contain less than 0.3% THC to abide by most laws. Some brands specify that their products are broad-spectrum if the THC has been removed, but all cannabinoids are otherwise contained.
The comprehensive guide…
By itself, CBD has no real nutritional value. Neither do the other cannabinoids.
Broad- or full-spectrum tinctures will also contain terpenes. These are aromatic compounds from the cannabis plant. They’re actually found in many species of plants, but certain terpenes are more common in hemp. They include myrcene, humulene, and limonene, among others.
The terpenes in any CBD oil are responsible for some of the effects that you experience. As such, the terpenes are an essential part of your overall experience.
Some brands will expressly state which terpenes a tincture contains at high quantities. With other products, it’s a matter of guesswork.
Most CBD oil on the market is unflavored. In its raw form, CBD oil has a bitter taste that many users find unpleasant. For some, it’s manageable even though it’s not the best-tasting thing in the world; for others, it makes taking CBD impossible.
Now, many brands add flavorings to their CBD oils to make them taste better. Flavored oils are super popular, with an enormous variety of flavors available for sale. Different companies use different ingredients, and it can affect the nutritional value of the product.
For example, using cane sugar to sweeten the oil will obviously change the sugar content of the product. Many brands now use stevia as a healthier, natural sweetener in contrast to processed varieties. Paying attention to the ingredients is essential if you want to figure out how healthy the product is.
When taking a CBD oil, the majority of the nutritional info is down to the carrier oil. Flavorings also come into it, but since many products are unflavored, the base oil is the most vital piece of the puzzle.
Again, the carrier oil of choice varies between brands. Research varies regarding which carrier oil is the most effective and which is the healthiest, so it’s a matter of coming to your own conclusions.
What Carrier Oil Should You Be Using?
Each carrier oil has different nutritional properties. Below is a list of four of most common carrier oils on the market and their general nutritional contents. Notably, all oils are fats, and therefore the fat content will always be quite high.