If you’re all too familiar with struggling to get a good night’s sleep, you know how debilitating it can be, and while popular sedatives may offer the rest you need, certain fears commonly surround them. Fortunately, for those interested in a more natural alternative, there’s no doubt a simple google search has brought People going through treatment for cancer deal with several difficult physical and emotional symptoms, but the one that is especially … Should you be taking Melatonin, or CBD, for sleep? Find out the different mechanisms between the two.
CBD and Melatonin for Sleep: Which One Should I Choose?
If you’re all too familiar with struggling to get a good night’s sleep, you know how debilitating it can be, and while popular sedatives may offer the rest you need, certain fears commonly surround them.
Fortunately, for those interested in a more natural alternative, there’s no doubt a simple google search has brought up both CBD and melatonin as the answer to your sleep conundrums. The next step is deciding which one is right for you, or if both could do the trick.
In this article we’ll take a closer look at CBD and melatonin for sleep, taking CBD with melatonin, CBD and melatonin’s interaction, and more.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a natural plant cannabinoid that occurs in the cannabis plant genus. Cannabis plants are home to over 100 cannabinoids, including: CBD, CBN, CBG, CBC, and the infamous THC (under .3% in hemp plants).
CBD comes in a variety of convenient forms from gummies, to oils & capsules, and more. CBD Oil dominant products can either be derived from the marijuana or hemp plant. However, most popular CBD companies today turn to hemp due to its desirability for having a naturally low THC content. Not only does this make it straightforward for hemp manufacturers, it’s ideal for customers who have THC sensitivity and don’t enjoy the ‘high’ feeling that accompanies THC heavy extracts.
CBD Oil has become a health and wellness staple for health conscious all over the world in the last 5 years as it climbed to popularity for its ability to support a wide array of health related concerns. CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), helping you to maintain homeostasis (a state of stability and balance), which naturally affects: sleep, mood, focus, inflammatory function, and joint mobility.
What is Melatonin?
Melatonin is a hormone that’s naturally produced by the pineal gland. This hormone, in essence, kicks in to let our bodies know that it’s time to go to sleep. Melatonin conveniently comes in the forms of pills, liquids, and chewables.
For the healthy functioning sleeper, natural melatonin hormone levels rise at night and drop in the morning. The levels of melatonin our body creates is heavily influenced by: daily light exposure, the body’s internal clock, and natural predisposition.
It may come as no surprise that natural levels of melatonin are likely to be disrupted in today’s digital age due to our constant interaction with artificial light: cell phones, televisions, and laptop screens.
CBD products for Sleep
CBD products has become a popular natural alternative for quality sleep. While the exact component of CBD that makes it an effective sedative is still being discovered, scientists believe it relates to the cannabis plant molecule’s ability to help support mood and relaxation, thereby, bringing about a good night’s rest.
In 2019, the Permanente Journal performed a study looking at CBD’s ability to support quality sleep. The study gave 72 subjects who have sleep problems a total of 25MG of CBD each day and within one month, 66.7% reported better sleep .
Depending on the form of CBD you choose to take, the time it takes CBD to produce positive results varies from type to type. However, both CBD oil and CBD smokeables clock in as the fastest CBD delivery method, with the benefits being felt in as little as 5-15 minutes.
Melatonin for Sleep
Melatonin doesn’t cause you to fall asleep, it simply tells both your body and brain that it’s bed time and works to regulate your sleep and wake cycle. For this reason, melatonin can be of great help in situations where your sleep cycle is disrupted, for example, with jet lag.
Unlike over the counter sedatives, melatonin supplements do not have an intoxicating effect, rather it signals the MT1 and MT2 brain receptors and reminds them it’s time to go to bed .
The caveat with melatonin is practicing awareness around when you take it. Once taken, melatonin takes about 60-90 minutes to let your brain know it’s time for bed. Additionally, melatonin stays in the system for 6 and a half hours and may cause slight feelings of grogginess in the morning if it’s not taken at an appropriate time the night before.
Can I Take CBD with Melatonin?
Yes, CBD and melatonin have shown to be helpful for supporting a good night’s sleep.
Fortunately, these days you have the option to try one or the other, or both at the same time thanks to new CBD and melatonin infused products. However, we recommend trying both forms independently before trying them together, as in, try CBD by itself and try melatonin by itself first.
CBD has become known for bringing about unique effects, with some individuals reporting a boost in energy and focus while others report a sense of calm and ease. Melatonin has also been known to affect each person differently, with some finally gaining the ability to doze off more easily or a slight sense of grogginess the next morning.
For this reason, you’ll want to make sure that CBD And Melatonin yield positive effects for you, before taking them in tandem.
Should I use CBD and melatonin for sleep?
Deciding whether to use CBD products or melatonin for better sleep will need to come with a bit of experimenting on your part. Both have been shown to be helpful in the realm of sleep and can provide differing results based on what you need.
CBD is known for helping to support:
These effects in and of themselves have promising results for sleep, in fact, a 2017 literature review by Current Psychiatry Reports found that CBD may have promising therapeutic results for sleep  due to its proposed inflammatory effects.
Melatonin supplements, on the other hand, is well observed for helping to support:
Current research does support melatonin’s ability to help people fall asleep quicker, but the remainder of the research is less direct. The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health presented mixed results in helping adults with more serious, diagnosable sleep struggles .
What is CBD and Melatonin’s Interaction?
CBD and melatonin interact in a unique way to help support natural sleep wake cycle: melatonin has been shown to help you fall asleep quicker, while CBD lends itself to sleep quality through supporting mood and inflammatory function.
However, it’s important to get the dosage right when combining these two products. Whereas CBD has been shown to be positively tolerated at high dosages, melatonin has not.
Research published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism deemed the ideal dose of melatonin to be 0.3- 1.0MG . While most people report positive effects with up to 5MG of melatonin, it’s possible you could find sleep aids with up to 15MG of melatonin – a dose high enough to potentially cause feelings of grogginess the next morning.
CBD Gummies with Melatonin
With so many flocking to CBD products to help support a good night’s sleep, it was time to head to the drawing board to formulate a CBD gummy with deep rest in mind.
We sourced renowned natural sleep aid, Melatonin, and combined it with our signature outdoor grown CBD to create CBD Gummies with Melatonin.
Enjoy 45MG of CBD strength, 3MG of melatonin, a Full Spectrum or THC-Free Broad Spectrum CBD extract.
In Conclusion: CBD or Melatonin For Sleep
In this day and age, so many things threaten the quality of our sleep from blue light to environmental stressors and even the current unfolding of the pandemic.If you’re deciding between CBD or melatonin for sleep, start by trying both independently. If you experience positive benefits from both, you can begin to try them together in CBD Gummies with Melatonin.
Sound sleep is imperative to our emotional, mental, and physical health benefits and there’s no shame in leaning on a supplement for support. However, long-term use of a sleep aid to meet the needs of more serious sleep disorders is not recommended. If you’re currently experiencing issues with sleep, be sure to contact a medical professional to properly assess your needs.
- Babson, K. A., Sottile, J., & Morabito, D. (2017). Cannabis, cannabinoids, and sleep: a review of the literature. Current psychiatry reports , 19 (4), 1-12.
- Liu, J., Clough, S. J., Hutchinson, A. J., Adamah-Biassi, E. B., Popovska-Gorevski, M., & Dubocovich, M. L. (2016). MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors: a therapeutic perspective. Annual review of pharmacology and toxicology, 56, 361.
- Chagas, M. H. N., Crippa, J. A. S., Zuardi, A. W., Hallak, J. E., Machado-de-Sousa, J. P., Hirotsu, C., . & Andersen, M. L. (2013). Effects of acute systemic administration of cannabidiol on sleep-wake cycle in rats. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 27(3), 312-316.
- Pierpaoli, W., Regelson, W., & Colman, C. (1996). The melatonin miracle: Nature’s age-reversing, disease-fighting, sex-enhancing hormone. Simon and Schuster.
- Zhdanova, I. V., Wurtman, R. J., Regan, M. M., Taylor, J. A., Shi, J. P., & Leclair, O. U. (2001). Melatonin treatment for age-related insomnia. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 86(10), 4727-4730.
The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product.
Considering CBD or Melatonin for Sleep? What to Know
People going through treatment for cancer deal with several difficult physical and emotional symptoms, but the one that is especially frustrating is poor sleep. Not sleeping well leaves you with daytime fatigue, irritability and trouble concentrating long enough to get anything done, which is especially upsetting on days that you have off from medical appointments. Being awake in the middle of the night is psychologically difficult given that the quiet of night hours leave little to distract you from worries about your cancer experience and other life stressors.
Given the distress of not sleeping, of course people are going to look for relief. Just one Google search, conversation with a friend, or inquiry about insomnia at the pharmacy will likely bring up the suggestion of using CBD (cannabidiol) or melatonin. Both supplements are widely marketed and promise to help people rest well without the trouble of a prescription. They are both considered “natural” remedies, which appeals to people.
If you’re considering one of these options, the most important thing to know is that since supplements are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration there is no quality control or oversight of these products. In fact, studies have shown that in a high percentage of cases, what is in the supplement is not exactly what is on the label. Supplement contamination with other sedatives or added chemicals to help with shelf life, smell, consistency, etc. may come serious side effects such a lung injury as the recent news about vaping harms demonstrated.
CBD can legally be obtained from the hemp plant (a cousin of the marijuana plant) since the passage of the Farm Bill in 2018. However, regulation of the hemp growing industry is not widely done, and what is sold as CBD may actually have more THC (the psychoactive part of the marijuana plant) than you want, which could cause an abrupt change in thinking which is very anxiety provoking for some people (and not good for sleep!). The CBD products are so new to the market that we have almost no research into whether or not CBD helps insomnia in patients with cancer, or is safe during cancer treatment. Be sure to talk to your oncologist if you are planning to use a CBD supplement.
There has been more use of melatonin in medical care, primarily because it has always been legal, but also because there is research to support the use of melatonin to correct circadian rhythm disorders, situations when people have their days and nights reversed because of jet lag or night shift work. If melatonin is used for insomnia, the recommendation is to take it 2 hours before bed, because the goal is not to feel sleepy right away, but to reset your circadian rhythm, meaning the melatonin in your body gets released at the right time in the day night cycle.
Is it better to take one of these supplements than a prescription sleep aide like Ambien or Lunesta? Supplements still come with side effects (sedation, confusion, falls, and medication interactions), they may be more expensive than prescriptions (so no financial savings) and there is no guarantee “natural” is better. Actually, the best medicine for insomnia is not a medication or supplement at all, but a type of therapy called “cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia” (CBT-I). This therapy, backed by research, is administered by a professional therapist and emphasizes healthy sleep hygiene. If you do not have access to CBT-I therapy, you can still make changes to your sleep hygiene – and improve your sleep – on your own.
For better sleep, set up your daily schedule so that you are primed for restorative rest at night:
- Get out of bed at the same time every single day (alarms are helpful), and let your eyes be exposed to morning light. The morning light will reset the melatonin already in your body.
- If you drink any caffeine, only drink it at breakfast (the half-life is long, it will be in your system at night).
- Get outside and walk daily – exercise is literally medicine for your sleep.
- Schedule time to manage cancer (scheduling appointments, research, bills) early in the day, and no cancer talk after dinner (so you are not thinking about it when you try to sleep).
- Put a paper and pen by the bed, and if you have a worry or question pop up, jot it down, better on the paper than in your head.
- Sleep ina cold, dark, quiet room and turn off all screens at least one hour before bed (the light will disrupt your day night cycle).
Talk to your doctor about your sleep and whether you might need an appointment with a specialist. If your sleep is disrupted by clinical depression or an anxiety disorder, then treating the mood and worry will be the appropriate sleep medicine.
Having cancer is hard enough, and then trying to manage sleep disturbances on top of that does not seem fair. However, the payoff for working on your sleep is so worth it! Feeling rested in the morning makes the day feel like something you can handle. Patients in survivorship have commented that the skills that they developed during cancer treatment are useful long after treatment ends. “I did not want to deal with cancer, but it taught me a lot about really taking care of myself,” “if I pay attention to my sleep habits, my energy is so much better” and “there is no perfect pill for sleep, but I know I will eventually sleep, especially if my days are busy.”
Wendy Baer, MD, is the medical director of psychiatric oncology at the Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University in Atlanta. Dr. Baer helps patients and their families deal with the stress of receiving a cancer diagnosis and going through treatment. Her expertise in treating clinical depression and anxiety helps people manage emotions, behaviors and relationships during difficult times.
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CBD vs. Melatonin
Around 50 to 70 million individuals in the U.S. suffer from a sleep disorder, according to a 2006 Institute of Medicine publication titled Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation: An Unmet Public Health Problem. It’s difficult to find individuals who obtain the sleep their body requires every night, or those who don’t reach for sleeping aids when they can’t sleep. Since sleep is so important to both physical and mental health, the number of sleep disorders worldwide is alarming.
Because there are certain fears that surround sleeping aids, such as side effects, addiction, or potential accidents, it’s led individuals to seek out natural alternatives. Fortunately, there are natural sleep aids, including melatonin and cannabidiol (CBD).
While melatonin was discovered in 1958, and people have been taking it for decades, CBD has recently exploded in popularity for its many benefits, including that it can help people sleep better. A national survey conducted by Consumer Reports revealed that about 1 in 10 Americans who said they tried CBD, and used it to help them sleep, the majority of those people said it worked .
Still, it’s worth learning about the two, and how they differ when it comes to helping you obtain a good night’s sleep.
Melatonin for Sleep
Melatonin, unlike CBD infused oil, is a hormone your brain’s pineal gland produces that helps with sleep-wake cycle regulation. It doesn’t necessarily cause you to fall asleep, but rather it tells your brain and body it’s time for bed. These are actually two totally different brain processes. Both need to be in sync for you to fall asleep.
Melatonin basically sets your body’s gears in motion for you to fall asleep, making them helpful in situations where your sleep-wake cycle becomes disrupted, such as with jet lag, for example.
However, if you’re only experiencing occasional sleepless nights, it may not be as helpful as you think. It takes around 90 minutes for it to send your brain the signal to start getting sleepy. Plus, since it has around a six hour half-life, if you wake up the next morning with it still in your system, it can cause you to experience a slight hangover-like feeling.
CBD for Sleep
CBD is a natural compound extracted from the hemp plant, and has been boasted to have many potential benefits for various health concerns. CBD interacts with your endocannabinoid system (ECS), helping your body maintain homeostasis (a state of stability and balance).
CBD isn’t psychoactive, unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), so this means it won’t get you “high.”
A popular use of CBD is in treating sleep disorders, such as insomnia . While the exact link between cannabidiol and sleep disorders isn’t quite known yet, sleep professionals believe it helps reduce stress and anxiety, and thereby, induce sleep. If you’re experiencing anxiety and stress related problems that keep you from falling asleep or staying asleep, CBD for anxiety may be a good natural alternative solution to traditional sleep aids.
You can take it at least an hour before bedtime, and it could improve your symptoms of insomnia, and promote a restorative night’s sleep.
Some 2019 research looked at if CBD might be able to reduce anxiety and improve sleep . This study involved 72 participants, with 25 of them lacking quality sleep, and the other 47 experiencing anxiety. Each participant was provided with 25 mg of CBD, each day. During the first 30 days, 79.2% of the participants said they experienced lower levels of anxiety and 66.7% said they experienced better sleep.
Before turning to a sleep aid, you might want to first try and make some lifestyle changes to help manage your sleep disorder. If this doesn’t help, be sure you consult with your doctor on how you can induce sleep, and if CBD may be helpful.
Causes of Poor Sleep
There are many things that could contribute to poor sleep and insomnia, including:
- Medicine, which could disrupt your sleep-wake cycle
- Mental health conditions, like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression
- Caffeine, particularly when you consume it late in the day
- Physical conditions, such as restless leg syndrome and chronic pain
- Environmental factors, like an uncomfortable bed and loud noises
While CBD research is still new, some research does suggest it can treat anxiety, which can hinder quality sleep.
Obtain Restorative Sleep With a CBD Pillow
If you’re having sleep difficulties, or are suffering from a sleep disorder, a CBD-infused pillow is a great way to experience the potential benefits of CBD. The pillow contains microcapsules of CBD that break and release microdoses of CBD throughout your system while you sleep. These microdoses go to work to: